Aids And Africa


The following are facts cited in “Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome” by Gerald J. Stine. Worldwide, about 9,000 persons a day become HIV-infected. The majority of all HIV infections worldwide occur in people ages 15-24. Over 1 million people die of AIDS each year. The number of HIV-infections worldwide has tripled since 1990! It is estimated that there will be a 20% decline in population in East Africa by the year 2001 due to AIDS (Stine, 360). “AIDS is the leading cause of deaths among adult men and the second leading cause of deaths among adult women in Africa” (Bethel, 135). The first for women is pregnancy and abortion related.
“It is extremely difficult to judge the exact ...

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population, and combining that fact with that of those worlds having an overall lesser knowledge upon transmission, prevention, and AIDS in general, it is not surprising that these countries populations are greatly impacted by mortality. “Africa, with about 12% of the world’s population, is now reporting about 25% of the world’s AIDS cases. It is estimated to have over 65% of the total number of HIV-infected adults and 90% of the world’s HIV-infected children” (Stine, 364). An astonishing fact that further allows the realistic comprehension of the diseases’ dominance in Africa is that 6,000 Africans become HIV-infected each day which is 250 persons per hour or four per minute.
“Between 20% and 30% of sexually active adults between the ages of 20 and 40 are believed to be infected with HIV in some urban areas of sub-Sahara Africa, where the disease is most prevalent. In rural areas, where the majority of the population lives, seroprevalence remains much lower but is still ...

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constitute almost one-third of all AIDS cases in Africa (Bethel, 139). As in the US, AIDS in Africa appears to occur much more frequently in large cities than in the rural areas, though this may be a reporting bias. And finally, those who are discovered to have the AIDS virus frequently have a past history of venereal disease and are found to be more sexually active than those without the infection.

Major routes of HIV transmission in Africa are heterosexual, mother-to-child, and transfusions with unscreened blood. In addition, prostitution and cultural sexual practices greatly influence the increase in transmission rates. Transfusions, though, are now being screened in most ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 6/20/2007 03:24:15 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1674
Pages: 7

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