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Arab-Israeli Wars - Term Papers

Arab-Israeli Wars


Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the
establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four
major (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous
intermittent battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in
1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors,
complicated by the demands of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s.

THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49)

The first war began as a civil conflict between Palestinian Jews
and Arabs following the United Nations recommendation of Nov. 29, 1947, to
partition Palestine, then still under British mandate, into an Arab state
and a Jewish state. Fighting ...

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forces withdrew to Haifa; although officially neutral, some
commanders assisted one side or the other.

After the British had departed and the state of Israel had been
established on May 15, 1948, under the premiership of David BEN-GURION, the
Palestine Arab forces and foreign volunteers were joined by regular armies
of Transjordan (now the kingdom of JORDAN), IRAQ, LEBANON, and SYRIA, with
token support from SAUDI ARABIA. Efforts by the UN to halt the fighting
were unsuccessful until June 11, when a 4-week truce was declared. When the
Arab states refused to renew the truce, ten more days of fighting erupted.
In that time Israel greatly extended the area under its control and broke
the siege of Jerusalem. Fighting on a smaller scale continued during the
second UN truce beginning in mid-July, and Israel acquired more territory,
especially in Galilee and the Negev. By January 1949, when the last
battles ended, Israel had extended its frontiers by about 5,000 sq km
(1,930 sq ...

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would take the initiative by seizing the Sinai Peninsula. The
war began on Oct. 29, 1956, after an announcement that the armies of Egypt,
Syria, and Jordan were to be integrated under the Egyptian commander in
chief. Israel's Operation Kadesh, commanded by Moshe DAYAN, lasted less
than a week; its forces reached the eastern bank of the Suez Canal in
about 100 hours, seizing the Gaza Strip and nearly all the Sinai Peninsula.
The Sinai operations were supplemented by an Anglo-French invasion of Egypt
on November 5, giving the allies control of the northern sector of the Suez
Canal.

The war was halted by a UN General Assembly resolution calling for
an immediate ceasefire and ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/23/2007 12:13:00 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1610
Pages: 6

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