Attitudes Toward Abortion


In the last two decades studies on the correlates of have proliferated (Hertel, et al., 1974; Renzi, 1975; Granberg, 1978; McIntosh, et al., 1979; D'Antonio and Stack, 1980; Benin, 1985; Harris and Mills, 1985; McCutcheon, 1987; Jelen, 1988). Although these studies have clarified which variables are related to , the reasons for these relationships have been largely left unexplained. Thus, much of the literature lacks theoretical coherence.
In this study, an effort is made to contribute to the understanding of by clarifying and adding to the theoretical base underlying the existing literature. More generally, the study attempts to contribute to an understanding of (a) attitudinal ...

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interaction effect of the amount of interpersonal contact with others. That is, interaction with others intensifies the effect of other attitudes on .
A THEORETICAL MODEL

Attitudinal Effects

In the literature on abortion attitudes (e.g., Granberg, 1978; Barnartt and Harris, 1982; Granberg and Granberg, 1981; Benin, 1985), several general clusters of attitudes--religiosity, conservativism, and feminism--show consistent correlations with specific attitudes toward abortion. Research has shown that religious and conservative attitudes lead to opposition to abortion, and feminist attitudes lead to higher levels of approval of abortion.

It is important to distinguish between religion and religiosity. Both variables tend to be strongly correlated with abortion attitudes. Several studies have examined the relationship between religion (identification or affiliation with a specific religion or denomination) and different attitudinal and behavioral variables using reference group theory ...

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with a certain religion. In these studies on alcohol use, the split on the independent variable, religious preference, was made based on the dependent variable (i.e., whether or not the religion/denomination forbids drinking); however, that split is not appropriate here because the division among churches on the issue of abortion is not as clear. Very few religions, if any, explicitly condone abortion. Either they take a strong stand against it or they remain non-committal. In the studies on alcohol use, the researchers found that religion was not a strong predictor of alcohol abuse because there are only norms against alcohol abuse; no churches support alcohol abuse. In addition, ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/17/2004 04:55:09 PM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Free Paper
Words: 4317
Pages: 16

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