Call Of The Wild: A Study Of Jack London's Belief In Darwinism



Jack London has a strong belief in Darwinism, survival of the fittest, during the late 1800's through the early 1900's, when he wrote. Throughout his writings, many characters display London's belief in Darwinism. In the novel, The Call of the Wild, Jack London's belief in the Darwinian Jungle is portrayed by animals interacting with humans, each other, and the environment. This can be shown through Buck, a house dog turned sled dog, interacting with his masters, other dogs, and the Yukon wilderness.
As Buck travels from master to master throughout the course of the novel he learns, through trial and error, what behavior brings rewards, and that which brings punishment.
[Buck] had ...

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to do as his masters say. "...he grew honestly to respect them. He speedily learned that Perrault and Francois were fair men..." (London 21). Buck also learned when and how to defend himself against man. Londons depiction of Buck's struggle to learn how to survive in an unfamiliar environment has been compared to western society's struggle with encroaching communism. "“The study of Jack London's work became a mirror of the turbulent McCarthy era..." (Veggian 2). Through these struggles, Buck was able to adapt and survive in a world controlled by man.
Buck also had to learn when and how to fight other dogs. Eventually Buck Fought and killed Spitz to become lead dog. "Buck stood and looked on, the successful champion, the dominant primordial beast who had made his kill and found it good" (London 42). London often witnessed these dog fights and this influenced his writing. "...he found the first successful theme for his writing in a last frontier splurge..." (Walker 12). ...

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Call Of The Wild: A Study Of Jack London's Belief In Darwinism. (2006, December 19). Retrieved June 23, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Call-Wild-Study-Jack-Londons-Belief/57381
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/19/2006 10:36:40 PM
Category: Book Reports
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 613
Pages: 3

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