Can Computers Think? The Case For And Against Artificial Intelligence


Can Computers Think? The Case For and Against Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence has been the subject of many bad "80's" movies and
countless science fiction novels. But what happens when we seriously consider
the question of computers that think. Is it possible for computers to have
complex thoughts, and even emotions, like homo sapien? This paper will seek to
answer that question and also look at what attempts are being made to make
artificial intelligence (hereafter called AI) a reality.
Before we can investigate whether or not computers can think, it is
necessary to establish what exactly thinking is. Examining the three main
theories is sort of like examining three ...

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scientist,
for all intents and purposes, we will say only that thought is what we (as homo
sapien) experience.
So what are we to consider intelligence? The most compelling argument
is that intelligence is the ability to adapt to an environment. Desktop
computers can, say, go to a specific WWW address. But, if the address were
changed, it wouldn't know how to go about finding the new one (or even that it
should). So intelligence is the ability to perform a task taking into
consideration the circumstances of completing the task.
So now that we have all of that out of that way, can computers think?
The issue is contested as hotly among scientists as the advantages of Superman
over Batman is among pre-pubescent boys. On the one hand are the scientists who
say, as philosopher John Searle does, that “Programs are all syntax and no
semantics.” (Discover, 106) Put another way, a computer can actually achieve
thought because it “merely follows rules that tell it how to shift ...

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Can Computers Think? The Case For And Against Artificial Intelligence. (2007, June 10). Retrieved July 16, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Can-Computers-Think-Case-Against-Artificial/66210
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"Can Computers Think? The Case For And Against Artificial Intelligence." Essayworld.com. June 10, 2007. Accessed July 16, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Can-Computers-Think-Case-Against-Artificial/66210.
"Can Computers Think? The Case For And Against Artificial Intelligence." Essayworld.com. June 10, 2007. Accessed July 16, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Can-Computers-Think-Case-Against-Artificial/66210.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 6/10/2007 02:46:13 AM
Category: Computers
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1023
Pages: 4

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