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Capital Punishment - School Essays

Capital Punishment


There has been many controversies in the history of the United States, ranging from abortion to gun control, but has been one of the most hotly contested issues in recent decades. is the legal infliction of the death penalty on persons convicted of a crime (Cox). It is not intended to inflict any physical pain or any torture; it is only another form of punishment. It is irrevocable because it removes those punished from society permanently, instead of temporarily imprisoning them. The usual alternative to the death penalty is life-long imprisonment.
is a method of retributive punishment as old as civilization itself. The death penalty has been imposed throughout history for many ...

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Conqueror (1066-1087) was the death penalty not used, although the results of interrogation and torture were often fatal (Kronenwetter 12). Later, Britain reinstated the death penalty and brought it to its American colonies.
Although the death was widely accepted throughout the early United States, not everyone approved of it. In the late-eighteen century, opposition to the death penalty gathered enough strength to lead to important restrictions on the use of the death penalty in several northern states, while in the United States, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Rhode Island abandoned the practice altogether (Kronenwetter 15). In 1794, Pennsylvania adopted a law to distinguish the degrees of murder and only used the death penalty for premeditated first-degree murder. Another reform took place in 1846 in Louisiana. This state abolished the mandatory death penalty and authorized the option of sentencing a capital offender to life imprisonment rather than to death. After the 1830s, ...

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others from becoming murderers. Retentionists have long asserted the deterrent power of as an obvious fact. The fear of death deters people from committing crimes. Still, abolitionists (people against ) believe that deterrence is little more than an assumption-and a naive assumption at that.
Abolitionists claim that does not deter murderers from killing or killing again. They base most of their argument against deterrence on statistics. States that use it extensively show a higher murder rate than those that have abolished the death penalty. Also, states that have abolished the death penalty and then reinstituted it show no significant change in the murder rate. They say adjacent ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 8/17/2005 07:18:52 AM
Category: Legal Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2083
Pages: 8

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