Capital Punishment


is the lawful infliction of death as a punishment
and since ancient times it has been used for a wide variety of offences.
The Bible prescribes death(see exodus 21:12 and deuteronomy 22:13) for
murder and many other crimes, including kidnapping and witchcraft. By 1500
in England, only major felonies carried the death penalty - treason,
murder, larceny, burglary, rape, and arson. By 1700, however, Parliament
had enacted many new capital offences, and hundreds of persons were being
put to death each year.

Reform of the death penalty began in Europe by the 1750s.It was
mentioned in the code of Hammurabi, and was championed by such academics
such as the Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria, the ...

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United States Michigan was first state to abolish it
for murder in 1847. Today, it is virtually abolished in all of Western
Europe and most of Latin America.

In America, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East (except Israel) most
countries still retain the death penalty for various crimes and impose it
with varying frequency.

Shooting and hanging are the two most common methods of execution
followed by beheading and lethal injection which is becoming almost
universal in America and is also used in the Philippines, China and
Guatemala. Electrocution and the gas chamber are used only in America and
seem to be disappearing rapidly. Stoning for sexual offences including
adultery occurs in some Islamic countries. China with a quarter of the
world's population carries out the most executions (by shooting) for a
wide variety of offences. (During 1998, along with Guatemala and the
Philippines, China has begun to move toward the use of lethal injection)

America.

In all states, ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/11/2004 12:48:00 AM
Category: Legal Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 562
Pages: 3

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