Causes Of The American Civil W


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The American Civil War was a military conflict between the United States of America (the Union), and 11 secessionist Southern states, organized as the Confederate States of America (the Confederacy). It was the culmination of four decades of intense sectional conflict and it reflected deep-seated economic, social, and political differences between the North and the South. One of the major causes of the Civil War was the seemingly endless political disputes over slavery in the Mexican Cession and Louisiana Purchase territories. It was imperative that the Democratic and Whig political leaders maintain harmony between their Southern and Northern supporters, thus, the platforms of ...

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all sections of the country. Finally, there was the economic distress factor, of both foreign and domestic roots, that included everything from tariffs to the financial crash of 1857. These in turn caused sectional disputes over the use of the federal government’s public lands.
In early 1848, when gold was discovered in California, “a horde of adventurers poured into the valleys.” (Bailey, 400). “Free-soilers” and “slaveryites” argued over the proposed issue of slavery in the territories, and thus, whether the terrain itself was suitable for a slave economy. In Congress on August 8, 1846, Pennsylvania Representative David Wilmot moved an amendment: “that, as an express and fundamental condition of the acquisition of any territory from the Republic of Mexico…neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory,” (CG, 1217) releasing the “pent-up ire” of northern Democrats, ...

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of the Missouri Compromise as an intolerable breach of faith…would henceforth resist to the last trench all future southern demands for slave territory.” (Bailey, 415). However, when pioneers started settling in Kansas, groups of free-soilers, like the New England Emigrant Aid Company, came as well, angering southerners because “the northern ‘Nebrascals,’ allegedly by foul means, were now apparently trying to ‘abolitionize’ both Kansas and Nebraska.” (Bailey, 421).
In 1857, the slavery supporters drew up the Lecompton Constitution, supported by President James Buchanan, not for the people of Kansas to vote for, but to accept and vote on ...

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Added: 10/25/2004 09:58:33 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1739
Pages: 7

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