History 101 - Fast Forward
Fall 1996
SUBMITTED: September 30, 1996

Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, King of the Franks (742-814), was a strong
leader who unified Western Europe through military power and the blessing of the
Church. His belief in the need for education among the Frankish people was to
bring about religious, political, and educational reforms that would change the
history of Europe.

Charlemagne was born in 742 at Aachen, the son of Pepin(or Pippin) the Short and
grandson of Charles Martel. His grandfather, Charles, had begun the process of
unifying western Europe, in the belief that all people should be Christian.
Charlemagne's father, Pepin, continued ...

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died and
Charlemagne took control of the entire kingdom. He inherited great wealth and a
powerful army, built by his father and grandfather. Charlemagne used the army
and his own skillful planning to more than double the size of the Frankish
Kingdom. (Halsall 15)

The world of Charlemagne was a heathen one, with many warring tribes or kingdoms.
Many of these tribes were conquered by Charlemagne, among them the Aquitanians,
the Lombards, the Saxons, the Bretons, the Bavarians, the Huns, and the Danes.
The longest of these battles was against the Saxons, lasting thirty-three years.
Charlemagne actually defeated them many times, but due to their faithlessness
and their propensity to return to their pagan lifestyle, the Saxons lost many
lives in the prolonged battles with the Franks. With each conquest the Frankish
kingdom grew, and with growth came additional power and responsibility for
Charlemagne. In each area of Europe that was taken over by Charlemagne, he
removed the ...

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Charles Martel, Pepin, and ultimately Charlemagne
all took as their personal responsibility the reorganization of the Church.
Each one, as king of the Franks, saw it his duty to better the state of his
churches. (Ganshoff 205) Charlemagne, through the monasteries and ultimately
the "Palace School", required all priests to learn classic Latin. His purpose
was to insure that church services were always conducted in the proper form,
with correct pronunciation and grammar. The education of the priests also
served to provide Charlemagne with a growing number of educated people for his
administration, and gave his kingdom a unified written language that could be
passed on throughout all ...

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Charlemagne. (2005, July 10). Retrieved March 24, 2018, from
"Charlemagne.", 10 Jul. 2005. Web. 24 Mar. 2018. <>
"Charlemagne." July 10, 2005. Accessed March 24, 2018.
"Charlemagne." July 10, 2005. Accessed March 24, 2018.
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Added: 7/10/2005 07:00:30 PM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2176
Pages: 8

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