Cloning 7


Genetic engineering, altering the inherited characteristics of an
organism in a predetermined way, by introducing into it a piece of the
genetic material of another organism. Genetic engineering offers the
hope of cures for many inherited diseases, once the problem of low
efficiencies of effective transfer of genetic material is overcome.
Another development has been the refinement of the technique called
cloning, which produces large numbers of genetically identical
individuals by transplanting whole cell nuclei. With other techniques
scientists can isolate sections of DNA representing single genes,
determine their nucleotide sequences, and reproduce them in the
...

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is unique. Is that
idea undercut by cloning? That is, if you can deliberately make any
number of copies of an individual, is each one special? How special
can clones feel, knowing they were replicated like smile buttons. "We
aren't just our genes, we're a whole collection of our experiences,"
says Albert Jonsen. But the idea, he adds, raises a host of issues,
"from the fantastic to the profound."

When anesthesia was discovered in the 19th century, there was a
speculation that it would rob humans of the transforming experience of
suffering. When three decades ago, James Watson and Francis Crick
unraveled the genetic code, popular discussion turned not to the new
hope for vanquishing disease but to the specter of genetically
engineered races of supermen and worker drones. Later, the arrival of
organ transplants set people brooding about a world of clanking
Frankensteins, welded together made from used parts.

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/23/2004 05:07:38 AM
Category: Science & Nature
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 611
Pages: 3

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