The climate, however, varies with the elevation. The low regions along the coast
and the deep Patía and Magdalena river valleys are torrid, with mean annual
temperatures of 75° to 80° F. From about 1500 to 7500 ft the climate is
subtropical, and from about 7500 to 10,000 ft it is temperate. Above about
10,000 ft is the cold-climate zone, where temperatures range from 0° to 55° F.
The average January and July temperatures in Bogotá are 58° F and 57° F,
respectively. The averages for the same months in Barranquilla are 80° F and 82°
F. Throughout the year, three-month periods of rain and dry weather alternate.
Along the Pacific coast precipitation is heavy. At Bogotá the annual ...

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The total land area of the country is 440,831 sq. mi. The capital and largest
city is Bogota.

Population Characteristics, Religion, and Language

The population of Colombia (1993 estimate) was 34,942,767, giving the country an
overall population density of about 79 per sq. mi. About 95 percent of the
people are Roman Catholics. Small Protestant and Jewish minorities exist. The
official language of Colombia is Spanish. The racial makeup of the Colombian
population is diversified. About half the people are mestizo (of mixed Spanish
and Native American ancestry), about 20 percent are of unmixed European ancestry,
and about 14 percent are mulatto (of mixed black and white ancestry). The
remaining 8 percent is made up of blacks, Native Americans, and people of mixed


In 1538 Spanish conquistadors founded New Granada. In 1717 Bogota became the
capital of the Viceroyalty of New Granada which consisted of present-day
Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and ...

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Colombia. (2005, December 9). Retrieved January 21, 2019, from
"Colombia.", 9 Dec. 2005. Web. 21 Jan. 2019. <>
"Colombia." December 9, 2005. Accessed January 21, 2019.
"Colombia." December 9, 2005. Accessed January 21, 2019.
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Added: 12/9/2005 12:50:38 AM
Category: Geography
Type: Free Paper
Words: 465
Pages: 2

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