Defination of Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper
Hafswa Maulana
PSY/360 - COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Date: February 7th 2011


Abstract: Cognitive psychology is the study of how we process, store, retrieve, and use information and how cognitive processes influence what we attend to perceive, learn, remember, believe, feel and do..

Several milestones shaped cognitive psychology but four of its most significant transitions that I will focus on are: Functionalism, Behaviorism, Psychobiology, and Computer Engineering (including Artificial Intelligence (AI)).

1. Functionalism: Most popular approach to the first school of psychology, Structuralism, which sought ...

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the structural contents and elements of the mind.

Structuralism segued into Pragmatism which believed that knowledge should be instrumental should be used as a means to an end. The writings of William James (a pioneer of pragmatism) on cognitive concepts such as attention, consciousness, and perception are still used by cognitive psychologists today. John Dewy was another major influence on the discipline, primarily remembered for his pragmatic approach to thinking and education.

2. Behaviorism: This milestone developed as an extension of Associationism (i.e., a school of psychology that examined how events or ideas can become mentally associated with one another to result in learning).

Behaviorism propounded that learning ensues from the environment. Skeptical of introspection, and other mental acts, behaviorism insisted that all human conduit is a form of stimulus-response, in other words that it is the environment (or environmental stimulus) that shapes human ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/14/2011 07:20:36 PM
Submitted By: sis123
Category: Psychology
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 616
Pages: 3

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