Description Of Victorian Age

A Description of Victorian Age

In "England and the Nineteenth Century," David Thompson describes the Victorian Age as "one of strenuous activity and dynamic change, of ferment of ideas and recurrent social unrest, of great inventiveness and expansion." ("The Victorian Age," The Norton Anthology of English Literature, II, 918) In the period between 1832 and 1901, England was caught in a whirl of social, economic, and religious changes. Many people applauded these changes. Many others were more inclined to agree with Matthew Arnold, who wrote that "repeated shocks, again, again / Exhaust the energy of strongest souls." (NA, II, 918)
Tennyson wrote the first draft of "Tithonus" in 1833, ...

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rioted.
By the middle Victorian period, when Browning wrote "Cleon" (1855) and "Tithonus" was revised and finally published (1860), the situation had changed to some extent. Tariff and labor reforms had helped bring back general prosperity and contentment. However, controversy was not dead; it had merely shifted from social and economic condidtions to religion. The Utilitarians, reflecting on what they considered to be the basic human needs, decided that a society that listened to the voice of reason had no need to believe in religion. The utilitarian views distressed the religious conservatives, who argued that the Victorian Age, with its excesses and social problems, was in dire need of the stability and comfort offered by traditional Christianity.
In literature and the other arts, the Victorians attempted to combine Romantic emphases upon self, emotion, and imagination with Neoclassical ones upon the public role of art and a corollary responsibility of the artist. More ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/18/2011 10:30:42 AM
Submitted By: jeslysatish
Category: English
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 505
Pages: 2

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