Discourse On The Origin Of Inequality: Savage Vs Civil Men



In Rousseau’s novel, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, he discusses the life of the savage man in the first part and then in the second part he talks about how the civil man came to be. “I conceive of two kinds of inequality in the human species: one which I call natural or physical, because it is established by nature and consists in the difference of age, health, bodily strength, and qualities of mind or soul. The other may be called moral or political inequality, because it depends on a kind of convention and is established, or at least authorized, by the consent of men” (Rousseau 16). The author is more partial to surviving like the savage man but I believe that we would all ...

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other is due to the fact that there is now more knowledge than before and without it savage man would not survive.
To begin with, Rousseau claimed that the entire population of savage man was happy and satisfied just by hunting everyday because that is what he loved. The author states, “…when I consider him, in a word, as he must have left the hands of nature, I see an animal less strong than some, less agile than others, but all in all, the most advantageously organized of all” (Rousseau 19). He is basically saying that the savage man was at an advantage because even though he was smaller, weaker, and less active than most he still knew what he had to do and would do anything to achieve his goals. The natural man only knows how to use his body, so he used it for just about everything that had to be done. So not only is the savage man dependent on his body all the time he also uses it wisely so he doesn’t get hurt or sick. Rousseau states, “…that most of our ills are of ...

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overcome this obstacle, man had to become more agile so he could fend off the wild animals and battle for the food he and his family desperately needed. With the backing of tree branches and heavy stones, natural man discovered it easier to acquire their food needed to stay alive. Another disadvantage would be the changing weather patterns along with changes in the soil. The writer states, “Differences in soils, climates and seasons could force them to inculcate these differences in there lifestyles” (45). These savage men had to learn how to deal with the long cold winters and then again with the hot and sticky summers which was not easy. To cope with these problems, the different ...

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Added: 10/23/2007 08:37:01 AM
Category: Book Reports
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1470
Pages: 6

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