Distinctly Canadian


Canada, federated country of North America, bounded on the north by the
Arctic Ocean; on the northeast by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait, which separate it
from Greenland; on the east by the Atlantic Ocean; on the south by the United
States; and on the west by the Pacific Ocean and Alaska. Canada is the world's
second largest country, surpassed in size only by Russia. Canada has a total
area of 9,970,610 sq. km (3,849,652 sq. mi), of which 755,180 sq. km (291,575 sq.
mi) is covered by bodies of fresh water such as rivers and lakes (Canadian
Encyclopaedia, 1988).
Canada contains great reserves of natural resources, notably timber,
petroleum, natural gas, metallic minerals, and fish. The ...

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came into Canada in a series of migrations that
occurred during the last stages of the Pleistocene Ice Age, Mongoloid peoples
from Asia entered North America, probably crossing the Bering Strait. Gradually
they spread over the continent and into South America. By 1600, more than
250,000 of their aboriginal descendants inhabited what is now Canada. Developing
a Stone Age economy, they hunted, fished, and gathered food and, in warmer areas,
also farmed. The basic social unit was the band, which varied from a few
families to several hundred people. In areas of higher settlement density, bands
were organized into tribes and even larger units.
The largest linguistic group was the Algonquian, which included
migratory hunting tribes such as the Cree and Naskapi in the eastern subarctic
region and the Abenaki and Micmac in the eastern woodlands on the coast. By the
18th century, Algonquians had spread west, where Ottawa, Ojibwa, Blackfoot,
Plains Cree, and others roamed the prairies ...

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they hunt and
the items they make (totem poles, with many sacred animals carved into them).
Some very important Canadian animals are: bison (buffalo), caribou,
salmon, beaver, loon, and the moose. These animal images are distinctly
Canadian. Some of these animals live elsewhere, but when people think of theses
animals, they think Canada.
Bison, the largest terrestrial animal in North America, where it is
usually called buffalo. The bison is characterized by a hump over the front
shoulders; short, sharply pointed horns (in both sexes) curving outward and up
from the sides of the massive head; and slimmer hindquarters. A mature bull of
the North American bison is about 2 m (about ...

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Added: 6/17/2006 07:12:52 AM
Category: Geography
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2428
Pages: 9

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