Early Roman Religion

In the early know part of history 7th Century BC Romans had formed a religion that dealt with the worship of new high gods. This was enabled by the influence of the Greek religion, which in most aspects was the same. In this style of religion there were different gods for every element that made up the world. The main god that controlled most of the power was Jupiter. His control was over the sky and the weather so he was very important to the farmers. With him was the god Mars, and at least one goddess Juno who was in charge of supervising the life of women. The most deities of the period were figures of limited functions. Like the higher gods they were said to have superhuman ...

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The Relationship between the Greek and the Roman religion is that the Greek's had different names for the gods and they contained some different details of how they were and what roll they played in civilization. In these next paragraphs a more in depth description of the gods and their roll in Roman civilization.
Jupiter was the king of the gods and the lord of life and death. He was also called Jove. Jupiter was the son of Saturn and Rhea, the husband of Juno, and the father of Minerva. The Romans identified him with the Greek god Zeus, but he contained his own characteristics that made him distinct. Jupiter was usually represented in art sitting on an ivory throne and holding a sheaf of thunderbolts.
In Roman mythology, Mars was the god of war, of agriculture, and of the state. He was the son of Juno, the husband of the goddess Bellona, and the lover of Venus. He was originally Mars Sylvanus, a god of spring vegetation. As Mars Gradivus, he was identified with the ...

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cherished her as Venus Genetrix, the ancestor of his own family.

In Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are said to be the founders of Rome. They were the sons of the god Mars and Rhea Silvia, daughter of Numitor, a king who had been driven from his throne by Amulius. After birth the twins were put in a container and thrown in the Tiber by the usurper, but they floated ashore and were rescued and taken care of by a wolf until they were found and brought up by the shepherd Faustulus and his wife, Acca. They were also fed by a woodpecker, the bird sacred to Mars. When grown, the twins restored Numitor to his throne and founded Rome (753 BC). An omen designated that Romulus was the ...

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Added: 12/24/2003 12:11:12 AM
Category: Religion
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1399
Pages: 6

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