Egyptian, Mycenaean, and Greek Centers of Worship

Egyptian, Mycenaean, and Greek Centers of Worship

As we explore the architecture from the Egyptian, Mycenaean, and Greek culture we will discover how each culture had strong religious beliefs that influenced their architecture. Each culture used materials that were easily accessible to them. Each culture has used the knowledge of previous time periods and cultures to expand and perfect their places of worship.
Pyramids were built with the help of great armies of slaves, by the ancient pharaohs of Egypt as tombs for preserving their royal bodies. Pyramids were meant to be monuments to the pharaoh’s greatness, filled with great treasures for the afterlife. The pyramids were built to ...

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B.C. the architect Imhotep stacked six progressively smaller mastabas one on top of the other for King Djoser. This, the first step pyramid, still stands at Saqqara, near Memphis.
During the reign of Snefru, founder of the Fourth Dynasty (2680-2560 B.C.), the sides of a step pyramid were filled in with stone and covered with lime. This was a necessary step in the evolution of the straight-sided pyramid, but there was an intermediary step -- the bent pyramid. Halfway up the pyramid, the angle was a steep, but then for the top half, the incline was more gradual.
During the reign of Khufu, Snefru's son, the straight-sided Pyramid of Giza, angled at about 51 degrees, was built. The Valley of Gizais is truly a marvel of architectural prowess. The three largest pyramids located in the valley consist of the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Kafhre and the Pyramid of Menkaura. Each Pyramid is a tomb dedicated to a different king of Egypt. All three pyramids were built during ...

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Grave Circle B. Both were communal graves, the first held 19 skeletons and the second, 24. The spectrum of ages represented in each suggest common family burials. Both contained many fine examples of Early Mycenaean art pieces, including the now infamous Mask of Agamemnon.
The tholos tomb became popular for the burials of entire royal families later in the Mycenaean period. These tombs are known throughout Greece during the Bronze Age and are easily recognized by their bee-hive shape created by corbel vaulting of a round building. The most famous of these tholos tombs by far is the so-called Treasury of Atreus discovered by Heinrich Schliemann. These tholos tombs were entered through ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 4/10/2011 01:21:33 PM
Submitted By: talk2me7797
Category: Architecture
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1926
Pages: 8

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