Genghis Khan & The Mongol Empire



The Mongol Empire extended ultimately from Korea in Asia to the borders of Hungary in Europe, and within its vast area of military conquest was the whole of China under a brief period of Mongol domination known as the Yuan Dynasty.
But to grasp the significance of the extraordinary growth of this nomadic people, it is necessary to look at Genghis Khan (1167-1227), whose genius for leadership and power united the independent tribes under one leader, making the Mongol Empire possible.(Morton,p.115)
Genghis Khan was born under the name Temuchin, meaning timber or iron, which his cradle was made of. Temuchin born in 1167 in Onan River Valley of Mongolia. He grew up on the steppe lands of ...

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to fend for themselves. They lost their herds of animals and
the economic support of their kinsmen, forcing them to fish, eat roots and mice to survive. Temuchin and his brothers grew to early adulthood in extreme poverty. It was during this time that Temuchin showed his ruthlessness by killing his half-brother Begter over not sharing a fish that had been caught. When Temuchin claimed his wife-to-be Borte, who had been promised to him years earlier, he gained a wife of great intelligence and character, as a major asset in his rise to power. It also re-established ties to an old ally ending several rough years of isolation for his family.
Temuchin's benefactor was Toghrul, leader of the Kereits, who made him his heir. Temuchin and Toghrul, launched
a joint attack on the Tatars in 1196.
In the spring of 1196 the combined forces of Mongols and Jurchens of the Chin Dynasty of China administered a major defeat to the Tatar tribes. Victory gave Temuchin the opportunity to plunder ...

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to him.(Morton,p.116)
The Mongol ideology was used to legitimized the
sovereignty of Genghis Khans linage and justified their
expansionist policies. Sovereign power was conferred on an earthly ruler by Eternal Heaven, the sky god and chief deity of the steppe nomads. Genghis Khan was seen as Heavens chosen instrument, which guaranteed the success of his military and political ventures. The good fortune that accompanied his rise to power was seen as a manifestation of heavens favor. The belief that Genghis Khan and his successors was that Heaven gave a mandate to bring all the world under the Mongols dominion. Because the Mongolians saw
their expansion into other nations as ...

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Added: 4/1/2004 12:37:04 AM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2295
Pages: 9

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