Governmentality and the Radicalization of Terrorists

Introduction

This paper is exploratory in nature and proposes to provide an account and discrepancies of the theory of governmentality, and the radicalization of terrorists. In the first section, the historical roots and broad and ambiguous nature of governmentality will be explored. A brief description of modern perspectives of governmentality will be provided, and recent international applications will expose some of the limitations. The second section of this article will be dedicated to the understanding of the radicalization of terrorists. The focus will be truncated to the radicalization of Islamic terrorists in the Western Hemisphere. These two topics share similarities, but ...

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2006, p. 705). Because of scholars' "widespread disenchantment" with such "Marx- and liberal-influence criminology", and they sought differential understandings of the exertion of power within modern society (de Lint, 2006, p. 724). For Williams and Lippert (2006), the narrow focus on policy responses to crime also turned contemporary scholars to alternate conceptual avenues of study.
The primacy of these scholars is Michel Foucault, who formulated the theory of governmentality in his unpublished lectures in 1978-1979 at the Coll¨¨ge de France, which are only available on audio-tape (Lemke, 2000). Foucault did not originally include the concept of risk (Lemuke, 2000), but it was incorporated into his later critiques. Foucault (1991) characterized governmentality as a multidisciplinary approach in which governance is exercised over various segments of society, such as education, economics, and prisons. He claimed that coercive political rationales maintain order via ...

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remedial approach to an 'actuarial' risk-based punitive approach to sentencing and handling offenders. He also observed mutual dependence between the public and private sectors with the emergence of private prisons, police, and social control (e.g. the insurance industry and community watch initiatives). For Garland (1997), the transforming government can be captured in "economic rationality" from a risk-societal perspective (p. 173). His observations are as follows: (1) there is reliance on analytical cost-benefit discourses that introduce fiscal calculations into criminology; (2) objectives, such as harm-reduction, efficiency, and effectiveness, have become increasingly important; ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/17/2011 03:51:03 PM
Submitted By: Mike
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2399
Pages: 9

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