Harihara-I (A.D. 1336A.D. 1355)

Harihara had four brothers, Kampa I, Bukka I, Marappa and Muddappa. Their father Sangama belonged to Yadava family. These five brothers worked hard to extend their kingdom.

It was no easy task as they were surrounded on all sides by powerful neighbours. Kapaya Nayak who had expelled the Imperial governor Telingana, Malik Maqbul and captured Warangal was anxious to annex the territories intervening between his state and that of Harihara.

He was also sore over the defeat of his friend and ally Ballala III at the hands of Harihara. In the north-east, Qutlugh Khan, governor of Devagiri, was looking for an opportunity to recapture the areas which once formed part of the Imperial dominions ...

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death struggle with the Sultan of Madura. Harihara was quick to take advantage of the opportunity. Bukka defeated Ballapa Dandanayaka, chief minister and commander-in-chief of Ballala III in a battle and wrested the fortresses of Penugonda in Anantpur District which he made his headquarters.

The victory was, however, not due to the weakness of the Hoysala king. Ballala's primary concern was to extinguish the Madura sultanate and bring the whole of South India under his control. He was, therefore, not in a position to pay adequate attention to the incursions of the Vijayanagar rulers.

His initial successes and later on treacherous murder by Sultan Ghiyas-ud-din of Madura in 1342 has already been referred to. This left the field quite open to Vijayanagar princes who conquered the Hoysala districts of Hassan, Shimonga, Kolar, Mysore, Chitaldrug, etc. one by one.

Though Virupaksha Ballala succeeded his father Ballala IV, he was unable to check the advance of Vijayanagar forces. ...

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Added: 12/8/2011 01:24:49 PM
Submitted By: RudraPatel
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 892
Pages: 4

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