Hinduism


was born in India around the year 1500 b.c. It is world wide spread and has millions of followers. The word Hindu is derived from the word sindhu, means Indu river in Sanskrit; but their own definition of their religion is "those who believe in the Vedas" or those who follow the teaching(dharma) of the four classes(varnas) and stages of life (ashrams). is a religion that is clearly concerned with many aspects of life.
basically pays attention to what people do rather than what they think, this is reflected in the way there is more uniformity of behavior than of belief in the religion. There are more than 700 millions of Hindus around the world, and the religion is still practiced by ...

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place or to a particular family.
The ultimate authority for all Hindus are the Vedas. The oldest of the four Vedas is the Rig-Veda, which was composed in and ancient form of the Sanskrit language in northwest India. This text, consisting of 1028 hymns to a pantheon of gods, has been memorized syllable by syllable and preserved orally to the present day. The Vedas, including the Brahmans and the Upanishads, are regarded as revealed (shruti) that means " What has been heard from the gods", and no syllable can be changed.




Philosophy

Hindus believe that the universe is like a great cosmic egg. Inside of it are numerous "concentric" heavens, hells, oceans, and continents. They believe that time is both degenerative, which means destructive and cyclic.
It starts in the golden age, or Krita Yuga. In this time two intermediate periods of decreasing goodness occur, which lead us to the present age. The destructive phase, in which we are apparently entering is known as ...

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or warrior; and Vaisya, or general populace) were derived from the tripartite division of ancient Indo-European society, traces of which can be detected in certain social and religious institutions of ancient Greece and Rome. To the three classes were added the Shudras, or servants, after the Indo-Aryans settled into the Punjab and began to move down into the Ganges Valley: The three original ashramas were the chaste student (brahmachari), the householder (grihastha) and the forest-dweller (vanaprastha) They were said to owe three debts: study of the Vedas(owed to the sages); a son (to the ancestors); and sacrifice (to the gods). The three goals were artha (material success), ...

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Added: 7/26/2007 05:11:39 AM
Category: World History
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1395
Pages: 6

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