History Of The French New Wave

In 1959- early 1960 five directors released debut feature length films that are widely regarded as heralding the start of the French nouvelle vague or French New Wave. Claude Chabrols Le Beau Serge (The Good Serge, 1959) and Les Cousins (The Cousins, 1959) were released, along with Francois Truffauts Les Quatre cents coups (The 400 Blows, 1959), Jean-Luc Godards A bout de souffle (Breathless, 1960) and Alain Resnais Hiroshima mon amour (Hiroshima my love, 1959). These films were the beginning of a revolution in French cinema. In the following years these directors were to follow up their debuts, while other young directors made their first features, in fact between 1959-63 over 170 ...

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people had died and most European countries were hugely in debt. 1947s Marshall plan saw billions of American dollars poured into Europe in the form of aid to help Europe rebuild. Along with this vast amount of aid came American expectations of political allegiance. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was born, a military alliance which committed members to oppose the USSR and Communism. This American influence extended into many aspects of society, including the Film industry. During the war years the flow of films from Hollywood into Europe had been drastically reduced. After the war the Americans were keen to expand again into Europe. The Motion Picture Export Association of America was formed. Hollywood formed this organisation to co-ordinate exports and to present a united front to negotiate prices for the different Hollywood firms. The US government, seeing American film as an important propaganda tool for American democracy, helped the film industry ...

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production companies to make popular and safe films with star names and well known stories, and discouraged experimentation. Throughout the early and mid 50s many literary adaptations, costume dramas and huge co-productions with cast and crew drawn from both France and other European countries were made. They were predominately studio bound with lavish sets, elaborate lighting, special effects and extravagant costume. This Cinema became known as the tradition of quality and dominated French Cinema output. It was a prestige cinema preocupied with impresssive content and continuity. During this time the French Cinema was quite healthy and shared the market about 50/50 with ...

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History Of The French New Wave. (2004, August 16). Retrieved December 4, 2021, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/History-Of-The-French-New-Wave/12726
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Added: 8/16/2004 04:42:26 AM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1635
Pages: 6

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