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Hitler And Gleichchaltung - College Essay

Hitler And Gleichchaltung


This essay addresses the Nazi movement called Gleichschaltung, also called Co- ordination or Nazification. In the essay the stages of the co- ordination will be examined. The co- ordination involved three major components. The first and most important area of the co- ordination was the nazification of the government institutions. The second stage involved ridding Germany of its democratic constitution. Hitler had to face seven foundations of constitutional order that inhibited his exercise of power. The foundations were the constitution, the federal structure of the Reich, the Parliament, the Reich President, the civil service, and the courts. The final stage involved gaining ...

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On February 4, 1933 the Reich President Hindenburg issued an ordinance for the protection of the German people under Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. The ordinance allowed made it possible for Hitler to ban periodicals, newspapers, and even assemblies. With this power Hitler began to sever the people's constitutionally guaranteed freedom of opinion which gave him power to suppress peoples feelings but more importantly allowed for the suppression of political groups. A major catalyst in moving the co- ordination forward was the Reichstag fire. It caused minimal damage to the building. The Reichstag fire was the dagger in the heart on February 27, 1933. Hitler was able to convince Hindenburg that the Reichstag fire was a Communist planned attempt to stage a coup. Therefore Hindenburg again issued the Ordinance for the Protection of the Nation and State on February 28. In the name of defending the state against "Communist acts of violence," the ordinance ...

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the day after the Reichstag fire, he could arrest as many opposition deputies as was necessary to assure his two- thirds majority. The Enabling Law was passed by a vote of 444 to the 94 votes of the Social Democrats. The Act was published on 24 March 1933. The law decreed the transformation of the state parliaments to conform to the new party strength in the Reichstag and provided the laws passed by a state legislature did not need to accord with the constitution of the state.
On April 7th 1933, the Reich commissioners in the states were institutionalized as Reich governors by the "Second Law for Co- ordination the States with the Reich." In almost every case, the new office was ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/2/2008 01:20:22 AM
Category: World History
Type: Free Paper
Words: 4787
Pages: 18

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