Immigration And Population In America



From the 1600’s to the 1860’s, America experienced a massive growth
in population numbers. Immigration had played an important role in this
progress. However, the American people and their government were not
prepared for expansion. Their response was not surprising for a newly
founded nation still searching for its’ own identity.
William Penn, a British colonial official, encouraged people of
Holland, France, and Germany to colonize in the 1680’s. Immigration in the
1700’s was again encouraged greatly by the British. Lax policies on
citizenship and high fertility allowed population in these colonies to soar.
British colonies allowed any immigrant who declared themselves a
Protestant ...

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of the
population while the Irish and Scots accounted for fifteen percent.
Germany made up seven percent, Dutch three, and French two percent. The
ethnic diversity of the United States was obvious. (222)
In 1790, many Americans became worried that the many different
groups of people would “fracture the nation.... Thomas Jefferson worried
that immigrants from monarchical countries, untutored in the ways of
democracy would ‘warp and bias’ the direction of American political
development. Reflecting such fears, the nations first Naturalization
Act...required a residency period of five years...before immigrants could
apply for citizenship, and limited applications to ‘free white persons’.”
(222-223)
For the next thirty years, immigration to the United States was low.
In 1830, immigration to America again increased. By 1854, an Irish potato
famine and political unrest in the German Principalities saw the number of
Irish and German immigrants in America reach an all-time ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 12/30/2003 12:33:06 AM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 666
Pages: 3

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