John Locke And John Stuart Mill's Definition Of Freedom



John Locke believes that man ought to have more freedom in political
society than John Stuart Mill does. John Locke's The Second Treatise of
Government and John Stuart Mill's On Liberty are influential and potent literary
works which while outlining the conceptual framework of each thinkers ideal
state present two divergent visions of the very nature of man and his freedom.
John Locke and John Stuart Mill have different views regarding how much freedom
man ought to have in political society because they have different views
regarding man's basic potential for inherently good or evil behavior, as well as
the ends or purpose of political societies.
In order to examine how each thinker ...

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state of nature and thus exists
in a state of uncontrollable liberty which has only the law of nature to
restrict it, which is reason. (Locke 5) However Locke does state that man does
not have the license to destroy himself or any other creature in his possession
unless a legitimate purpose requires it. Locke emphasizes the ability and
opportunity to own and profit from property as being necessary to be free.
In On Liberty John Stuart Mill defines liberty in relation to three
spheres; each successive sphere progressively encompasses and defines more
elements relating to political society. The first sphere consists of the
individuals "inward domain of consciousness; demanding liberty of conscious in
the most comprehensive sense; liberty of thought and feeling; absolute freedom
of opinion and sentiment on all subjects, practical or speculative, scientific,
moral, or theological." (Mill 13) The second sphere of Mill's definition
encompasses the general freedoms which allow an ...

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and the specific and
limited ends Locke believes political societies ought to have. According to
Locke the only freedoms men should lose when entering into a political society
are "equality, liberty and executive power they has in the state of nature into
the hands of society." (Locke 73) In Locke's ideal society this fails to limit
or remove any freedom from the individual, it only removes the responsibility of
protecting these freedoms from the individual and places it on the state.
John Stuart Mill believes that man's should be strictly limited in
political society. Mill differs from Locke in the basic principle that
individual who enjoy the benefits of living in political ...

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John Locke And John Stuart Mill's Definition Of Freedom. (2005, May 29). Retrieved April 26, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/John-Locke-John-Stuart-Mills-Definition/27651
"John Locke And John Stuart Mill's Definition Of Freedom." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 29 May. 2005. Web. 26 Apr. 2018. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/John-Locke-John-Stuart-Mills-Definition/27651>
"John Locke And John Stuart Mill's Definition Of Freedom." Essayworld.com. May 29, 2005. Accessed April 26, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/John-Locke-John-Stuart-Mills-Definition/27651.
"John Locke And John Stuart Mill's Definition Of Freedom." Essayworld.com. May 29, 2005. Accessed April 26, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/John-Locke-John-Stuart-Mills-Definition/27651.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/29/2005 01:11:29 AM
Category: Miscellaneous
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1990
Pages: 8

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