Michael Faraday


's scientific work laid the foundations of all subsequent electro-technology. From his experiments came devices, which led directly to the modern electric motor, generator and transformer. Faraday was also the greatest scientific lecturer of his day, who did much to publicize the great advances of nineteenth-century science and technology through his articles, correspondence and the Friday evening discourses that he established at the Royal Institution. The Royal Institution Christmas lectures for children, begun by Faraday, continue to this day.
was born on 22nd September 1791. At the age of fourteen he was apprenticed to a London bookbinder. Reading many of the books in the shop, ...

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discovered the phenomenon of electromagnetism, Faraday built two devices to produce what he called electromagnetic rotation: that is a continuous circular motion from the circular magnetic force around a wire. Ten years later, in 1831, he began his great series of experiments in which he discovered electromagnetic induction. These experiments form the basis of modern electromagnetic technology.
On 29th August 1831, using his "induction ring", Faraday made one of his greatest discoveries - electromagnetic induction: the "induction" or generation of electricity in a wire by means of the electromagnetic effect of a current in another wire. The induction ring was the first electric transformer. In a second series of experiments in September he discovered magneto-electric induction: the production of a steady electric current. To do this, Faraday attached two wires through a sliding contact to a copper disc. By rotating the disc between the poles of a horseshoe magnet he obtained a ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/6/2004 02:06:03 PM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 635
Pages: 3

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