Motivation To Work Well Depends More Than High Wages And On Working Conditions



1) Discuss critically the validity of the contention that the motivation to work
well depends on more than a high salary and good working conditions.
This essay will define what motivation is, the influence and effect that money
and good working conditions have on staff and the other factors and issues that
motivate staff to work in the context of the workplace.

In order to critically discuss and evaluate what motivates staff in the
workplace it is imperitive to firstly define the concept of motivation.
Motivation can be defined as the force or process which impels people to behave
in the way they do; Newcomb (1950) said that an organism is motivated:

"when - and only when - it is ...

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(1908) made this extension of the concept of motivation to 'voluntary
behaviour' explicit by suggesting that instincts were the 'prime movers' of all
human activity. McDougall disagrees with the drive theorists arguing that the
instincts of staff in the workplace provide a major source of motivation.

Hebb (1949) also disagrees with the assumptions that directed and persistant
behaviour is always preceeded by 'extra neural bodily irritants'. Hebb claims
that 'The term motivation then refers to: (1) To the existence of an
organisational phase sequence, (2) to its direction or content, and (3) to its
persistence in a given direction or stability of content. There are obviously
many schools of thought and theories on exactly what is motivation and why
people are motivated, but it seems that the general concensus opinion lies with
Maslow (1970) "Motivation is the force or combination of forces which lead us to
behave as we do". The actual force or forces that motivate will be ...

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conditions and interaction with
other people in the work place. The importance of the different types of
rewards varies according to each individual and the situation that they are in
- their particular stage in life. For example, for an eighteen year old school
leaver eager to rent his or her own flat , money might be the determining factor
in deciding whether or not to do a job (extrinsic reward), whereas a fifty year
old executive with less pressing money worries will probably be search for a
more challenging job (intrinsic reward). These examples can be related to the
work of Maslow (1954) who identified five categories of need which he claimed
could be placed in a hierarchy (FIG ...

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Motivation To Work Well Depends More Than High Wages And On Working Conditions. (2004, January 21). Retrieved January 18, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Motivation-Work-Well-Depends-More-Than/1824
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"Motivation To Work Well Depends More Than High Wages And On Working Conditions." Essayworld.com. January 21, 2004. Accessed January 18, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Motivation-Work-Well-Depends-More-Than/1824.
"Motivation To Work Well Depends More Than High Wages And On Working Conditions." Essayworld.com. January 21, 2004. Accessed January 18, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Motivation-Work-Well-Depends-More-Than/1824.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 1/21/2004 08:00:01 PM
Category: Economics
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1599
Pages: 6

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