Nova Scotia


, one of the three Maritime and one of the four Atlantic
provinces of Canada, bordered on the north by the Bay of Fundy, the province of
New Brunswick, Northumberland Strait, and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and on the
east, south, and west by the Atlantic Ocean. consists primarily of a
mainland section, linked to New Brunswick by the Isthmus of Chignecto, and Cape
Breton Island, separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso. On July 1,
1867, Nova Scotia became one of the founding members of the Canadian
Confederation. The province's name, which is Latin for New Scotland, was first
applied to the region in the 1620s by settlers from Scotland.

Physical Geography

Nova Scotia can be ...

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Cobequid
Mountains, which rise to 367 m (1204 ft) atop Nuttby Mountain; and the eastern
section contains the Cape Breton Highlands, with the province's highest point.
The Annapolis Lowland, in the west, is a small area with considerable fertile
soil. Nova Scotia's fourth region, the Maritime Plain, occupies a small region
fronting on Northumberland Strait. The plain is characterized by a low,
undulating landscape and substantial areas of fertile soil.

History

The area now known as Nova Scotia was originally inhabited by tribes of
Abenaki and Micmac peoples. The Venetian explorer John Cabot, sailing under the
English flag, may have reached Cape Breton Island in 1497.

Colonial Period

The first settlers of the area were the French, who called it Acadia and
founded Port Royal in 1605. Acadia included present-day New Brunswick, Nova
Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. The English, rivals of the French in Europe
and the New World, refused to recognize French claims to Acadia, which ...

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The
remaining Nova Scotians, augmented by some returned Acadians and many Scots and
Irish immigrants, lived by fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding, and trade. Some
attained great wealth as privateers during the Napoleonic Wars and the War of
1812.
After prolonged political struggle, Britain granted Nova Scotia (which
included Cape Breton after 1820) local autonomy, or responsible government, in
1848. Economic uncertainty and political unease at the time of the American
Civil War stimulated some interest in associating with the other British North
American provinces, but many tradition-minded Nova Scotians distrusted the
Canadians of Ontario and Q˙ebec. In 1867, without consulting the ...

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"Nova Scotia." Essayworld.com. August 25, 2004. Accessed September 23, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Nova-Scotia/13272.
"Nova Scotia." Essayworld.com. August 25, 2004. Accessed September 23, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Nova-Scotia/13272.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 8/25/2004 01:27:05 PM
Category: Geography
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2804
Pages: 11

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