Perception And Memory: The Skepticism Of David Hume


The Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776), best known for his philosophy of mitigated skepticism which remains today as a viable alternative to the philosophical systems of rationalism, empiricism and idealism, is usually considered as one of the most important figures in Western philosophy. Hume's views on human perception and memory were mainly influenced by the positions of British philosophers John Locke and George Berkeley, both of whom offered distinct differences between reason and sensation. Hume, however, explored and attempted to prove that reason and rational judgments are simply habitual associations of distinct ...

Want to read the rest of this paper?
Join Essayworld today to view this entire essay
and over 50,000 other term papers

an internalized subjective representation of that object which one infers to be a physical, objective fact. Yet there are several problems associated with this premise, i.e. whether or not truth is understood as being the conformity between the perceived images and the object and if mental impressions or ideas are reliable indicators of an object's true physicality.
However, Hume was well aware that this kind of skepticism connected with the human senses causes common sense to appear as inconsequential. Hume suggested that such a skeptical position was neither good nor beneficial to the one holding it. Academic skepticism puts forth the idea that a human being can never know the truth or falsity of any given statement. As Hume defines it, "we make inferences (or internal judgments) on the basis of our impressions, whether they be true or false, real or imaginary." Thus, Hume supported and advanced what he referred to as "mitigated skepticism" which in addition to exercising ...

Get instant access to over 50,000 essays.
Write better papers. Get better grades.

Already a member? Login

an external existence governed by the exact laws that exist in the realms of thought. For Hume, this creates three specific types of association-likeness, cause and effect and space and time congruity.
The most interesting example of this argument lies in Hume's analysis of the causal relation, usually referred to as inductive inference. According to Hume, every statement that points beyond what is immediately available to the senses and memory rests on the assumption and/or extension of the cause and effect relation. A popular syllogism explains this as "If A then B must appear and if no A then no B." Therefore, one can infer by inductive inference that a general law ("If A then B") ...

Succeed in your coursework without stepping into a library.
Get access to a growing library of notes, book reports,
and research papers in 2 minutes or less.


Perception And Memory: The Skepticism Of David Hume. (2015, October 18). Retrieved October 18, 2018, from
"Perception And Memory: The Skepticism Of David Hume.", 18 Oct. 2015. Web. 18 Oct. 2018. <>
"Perception And Memory: The Skepticism Of David Hume." October 18, 2015. Accessed October 18, 2018.
"Perception And Memory: The Skepticism Of David Hume." October 18, 2015. Accessed October 18, 2018.
Join today and get instant access to this and 50,000+ other essays

Added: 10/18/2015 02:56:47 AM
Category: Philosophy
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1705
Pages: 7

Save | Report


Save and find your favorite essays easier

Analysis Of David Hume's An Enq...
Philophers David Hume And Desca...
The Enlightenment And The Role ...
Hippies, Drugs, and Music: The ...
Compare And Contrast The Langua...
Romeo And Juliet - The Role Of ...
"Boys And Girls: The Developmen...
Growth Dynamics Of E. Coli In V...
Wuthering Heights: Use Of Atmos...
Compare And Contrast The Attitu...
Copyright | Cancel | Contact Us

Copyright © 2018 Essayworld. All rights reserved