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Project Mercury - Papers

Project Mercury


, the first manned U.S. space project, became an official
NASA program on October 7, 1958. The Mercury Program was given two main but
broad objectives: 1. to investigate man’s ability to survive and perform in
the space environment and 2. to develop basic space technology and hardware for
manned space flight programs to come.
NASA also had to find astronauts to fly the spacecraft. In 1959 NASA
asked the U.S. military for a list of their members who met certain
qualifications. All applicants were required to have had extensive jet aircraft
flight experience and engineering training. The applicants could be no more
than five feet eleven inches tall, do to the limited amount of cabin ...

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commanders Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and Alan B.
Shepard, Jr. Of these, all flew in Project Mercury except Deke Slayton who was
grounded for medical reasons. He later became an American crewmember of the
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.
The Mercury module was a bell shaped craft. Its base measured exactly
74.5 inches wide and it was nine feet tall. For its boosters NASA chose two U.S.
military rockets: the Army’s Redstone, which provided 78,000 pounds of thrust,
was used for suborbital flights, and the Air Force Atlas, providing 360,000
pounds of thrust, was used for orbital fights. The Mercury craft was fastened
to the top of the booster for launch. Upon reaching the limits of Earth’s
atmosphere the boosters were released from the module, and fell into uninhabited
ocean.
The first Mercury launch was performed on May 5, 1961. The ship,
Freedom 7, was the first U.S. craft used for manned space flight. Astronaut
Alan Shepard, Jr. remained in suborbital flight for 15 minutes ...

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"Project Mercury." Essayworld.com. November 10, 2004. Accessed June 25, 2022. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Project-Mercury/17304.
"Project Mercury." Essayworld.com. November 10, 2004. Accessed June 25, 2022. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Project-Mercury/17304.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 11/10/2004 11:41:00 PM
Category: Science & Nature
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 559
Pages: 3

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