Psychological Egoism: Every Person Is Oriented Towards His (or Her) Own Welfare, And The Object Of Every One Of His Voluntary Actions Is Some Good To Himself


Psychological Egoism: Every Person Is Oriented Towards His (or her) Own Welfare,
and The Object of Every One of His Voluntary Actions Is Some Good To Himself
Psychological egoism is a reflex that every person has to orient
themselves toward their own welfare. Through this, it follows that every one of
his (or her) voluntary actions is some good to himself. If someone gives away
the last piece of bread to someone else, it is because they want to look like a
better person. Due to the fact that they would give away the last piece of bread.

Human nature is completely and exclusively egoistic. People are entirely
selfish and devoid of any genuine feelings of sympathy, benevolence, ...

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from
the outcome. This presents us with the old saying: "Do unto others as you would
want them to do unto you."

Social organization originates out of self interest. All society is for
gain, or for glory. It is not like we think it is—for love of our fellows.
Instead it is for self preservation. It is a sort of social contract. In a state
of nature we are at war with each other and life is solitary, poor, nasty,
brutish, and short. In a natural state individuals are in equal powers.
Voluntary collective organization is the most effective way for individuals to
utilize their powers.

Man should be allowed the right to use all means or actions to preserve
himself. For every man is desirous of what is good to him, and shuns what is
evil, but chiefly the chiefest of natural evil, which is death. The right to
bear arms.

In conclusion, I would like to say that?


Psychological Egoism-- This is the claim that humans by nature are
motivated only by self-interest . Any ...

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theory from above. This is incompatible
with individualism, yet many people who are basically individualists uphold
altruism as the standard of morality. What's going on?

The problem is wide-spread confusion over the meanings of ``altruism''
and ``egoism.''

The first confusion is to confound altruism with kindness, generosity,
and helping other people. Altruism demands more than kindness: it demands
sacrifice. The billionaire who contributes $50,000 to a scholarship fund is not
acting altruistically; altruism goes beyond simple charity. Altruism is the
grocery bagger who contributes $50,000 to the fund, foregoing his own college
education so that others may go. ...

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Psychological Egoism: Every Person Is Oriented Towards His (or Her) Own Welfare, And The Object Of Every One Of His Voluntary Actions Is Some Good To Himself. (2008, March 28). Retrieved September 3, 2015, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Psychological-Egoism-Every-Person-Oriented-Towards/81219
"Psychological Egoism: Every Person Is Oriented Towards His (or Her) Own Welfare, And The Object Of Every One Of His Voluntary Actions Is Some Good To Himself." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 28 Mar. 2008. Web. 3 Sep. 2015. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Psychological-Egoism-Every-Person-Oriented-Towards/81219>
"Psychological Egoism: Every Person Is Oriented Towards His (or Her) Own Welfare, And The Object Of Every One Of His Voluntary Actions Is Some Good To Himself." Essayworld.com. March 28, 2008. Accessed September 3, 2015. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Psychological-Egoism-Every-Person-Oriented-Towards/81219.
"Psychological Egoism: Every Person Is Oriented Towards His (or Her) Own Welfare, And The Object Of Every One Of His Voluntary Actions Is Some Good To Himself." Essayworld.com. March 28, 2008. Accessed September 3, 2015. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Psychological-Egoism-Every-Person-Oriented-Towards/81219.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/28/2008 03:00:55 PM
Category: Social Issues
Words: 2022
Pages: 8

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