Reform Movements Of The Nineteenth Century



Reform movements play a crucial role in the development and shaping of a nation’s history. Between the Revolutionary War and 1850, numerous reform movements occurred in the United States, which have altered society and American ideals. Three reforms in particular have led to the evolution of American society. Prohibition, women’s right, and antislavery movements had a large impact on the history of the United States.
The prohibition movement, or temperance, as it was then called, was perhaps the most widespread reform of the time period. During the early 1800’s, America’s economy evolved from a simple to dynamic economy. This new economy involved factories, the building of railroads, ...

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and alcohol was beginning to be blamed for many social problems of the period. Temperance groups, such as the one in Lynn, Massachusetts, began to form and lobby for prohibition (Faler 369). Here, a group called The Society for Industry, Frugality and Temperance was formed. They believed, as did all other temperance groups, that the large amount of alcohol consumed, mostly by the male population, was a danger to society and was the cause of numerous social problems (Moloney 11/10/97). The major social argument was religious based. Many religious groups stated “that ‘soldiers of the cross’ should lead blameless lives” (Tindall and Shi 545). In addition, other temperance groups linked alcohol to family violence, poverty, loss of jobs, and crime (Moloney 11/10/97). In the industrial setting, alcohol was seen as the cause for decreased production, and a dismal workforce. Owners of factories noticed this decline in production, and many supported temperance as to increase ...

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a women’s status was similar to that during colonial times. Women were unable to vote, own property, make a will, or sign a contract. Legally, women were similar to the status of freed blacks, or slaves (Tindall and Shi 550). The women’s reform movement began in 1840, when the question arose whether or not they should be allowed to participate in the anti-slavery movement. It was at this time which women concluded that they should organize and fight for their rights as well (Tindall and Shi 550). On July 19, 1948, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized a convention in Seneca Falls, New York to discuss the women’s reform movement. They paraphrased the Declaration of ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/5/2008 10:11:14 PM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Free Paper
Words: 1533
Pages: 6

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