Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement



Segregation was an attempt by white Southerners to separate the races in every
sphere of life and to achieve supremacy over blacks. Segregation was often
called the Jim Crow system, after a minstrel show character from the 1830s who
was an old, crippled, black slave who embodied negative stereotypes of blacks.
Segregation became common in Southern states following the end of Reconstruction
in 1877. During Reconstruction, which followed the Civil War (1861-1865),
Republican governments in the Southern states were run by blacks, Northerners,
and some sympathetic Southerners. The Reconstruction governments had passed laws
opening up economic and political opportunities for blacks. By 1877 ...

Want to read the rest of this paper?
Join Essayworld today to view this entire essay
and over 50,000 other term papers

possible place. The system of
segregation also included the denial of voting rights, known as disfranchisement.
Between 1890 and 1910 all Southern states passed laws imposing requirements for
voting that were used to prevent blacks from voting, in spite of the 15th
Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which had been designed to
protect black voting rights. These requirements included: the ability to read
and write, which disqualified the many blacks who had not had access to
education; property ownership, something few blacks were able to acquire; and
paying a poll tax, which was too great a burden on most Southern blacks, who
were very poor. As a final insult, the few blacks who made it over all these
hurdles could not vote in the Democratic primaries that chose the candidates
because they were open only to whites in most Southern states. Because blacks
could not vote, they were virtually powerless to prevent whites from segregating
all aspects of Southern life. ...

Get instant access to over 50,000 essays.
Write better papers. Get better grades.


Already a member? Login

and denial of access to schools and restaurants. One
of the cases against segregated rail travel was Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), in
which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that "separate but equal"
accommodations were constitutional. In fact, separate was almost never equal,
but the Plessy doctrine provided constitutional protection for segregation for
the next 50 years. To protest segregation, blacks created new national
organizations. The National Afro-American League was formed in 1890; the Niagara
Movement in 1905; and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People (NAACP) in 1909. In 1910 the National Urban League was created to help
blacks make the ...

Succeed in your coursework without stepping into a library.
Get access to a growing library of notes, book reports,
and research papers in 2 minutes or less.


CITE THIS PAGE:

Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement. (2007, October 11). Retrieved January 20, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Segregation-And-The-Civil-Rights-Movement/72525
"Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 11 Oct. 2007. Web. 20 Jan. 2018. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Segregation-And-The-Civil-Rights-Movement/72525>
"Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement." Essayworld.com. October 11, 2007. Accessed January 20, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Segregation-And-The-Civil-Rights-Movement/72525.
"Segregation And The Civil Rights Movement." Essayworld.com. October 11, 2007. Accessed January 20, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Segregation-And-The-Civil-Rights-Movement/72525.
JOIN NOW
Join today and get instant access to this and 50,000+ other essays


PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/11/2007 01:47:15 AM
Category: Social Issues
Type: Free Paper
Words: 5254
Pages: 20

Save | Report

SHARE THIS PAPER

SAVED ESSAYS
Save and find your favorite essays easier

SIMILAR ESSAYS
Birmingham, Alabama And The Civ...
Women in the Civil Rights Movem...
The Civil Rights Movement
What Life Was Like Before The C...
The Civil Rights Movement: Some...
The Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement
Although the 1960s are usually...
Events Of The Civil Rights Mov
Civil Rights Movement
Copyright | Cancel | Contact Us

Copyright © 2018 Essayworld. All rights reserved