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Smoking - Papers Online

Smoking


The first article for review is titled Self-efficacy, Health Locus of
Control, and . This article studies how the participants confidence
levels and health locus prior to entering treatment predicts results of the
quitting program. The program is called "Fresh Start" and was conducted in
Victoria, Australia. It consisted of three groups:


(A) those who made an attempt (Stop for one day),
(B) those who met criteria in A, and did not smoke for duration
of program,
(C) those who abstained for six months.

Confidence was tested by questionnaires (post, during and at 6-month
period). Health Locus is defined by how the participant attributed health
outcomes (internal, ...

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This study was
conducted using a sample of French smokers (36 F, 60 M) and non-smokers (23 F,
45 M). The goal of the experiment was to study "the relationship between
sensation seeking and smoking" (p. 221). The objectives of the study was (a) to
see if smokers are higher in sensation seeking than their non-smoking
counterparts, (b) to see if there are any gender forces in smoking and sensation
seeking, and (c) to examine "in each sex, the nature of the relationship between
sensation seeking and smoking" (p. 221).
These three items were measured on four sub-scales, they are:

1) The Disinhibition subscale (DIS) - shows desire to be
socially open, extroverted

2) The Thrill and Adventure Seeking subscale (TAS) - shows
desire, extreme physical activities.

3) The Experience Seeking subscale (ES) - shows search for
new and exciting life experiences.

4) The Boredom Susceptibility subscale (BS)

After the evaluation of multiple questionnaires was completed, results
of the ...

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across all stages of readiness" (p.
497) to aid motivation.
The instrument spoke of is a questionnaire by Diclemente, et al., (1991)
and Prochaska, et al. (1992), modified to meet the literacy level of female
subjects of the lower socioeconomic level. The questionnaire was given to
smokers "in prenatal, family planning, and well-child health clinics" (p. 498).
The stages of Prochaska and Diclemente's were expanded to ensure sensitivity
because most of the women of low SES fell into the first category;
precontemplation (no intent to quit smoking in the next 6 months). The
experimenters, therefore, "were interested in measuring movement within the
early stages of change" (p. 498). ...

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Smoking. (2006, June 8). Retrieved October 2, 2022, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Smoking/47196
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"Smoking." Essayworld.com. June 8, 2006. Accessed October 2, 2022. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Smoking/47196.
"Smoking." Essayworld.com. June 8, 2006. Accessed October 2, 2022. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Smoking/47196.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 6/8/2006 08:15:01 AM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2780
Pages: 11

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