The Aztec Empire History


The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge, oval
basin about 7,500 feet above sea level. The Aztecs were formed after the Toltec
civilization occurred when hundreds of civilians came towards Lake Texcoco. In
the swamplands there was only one piece of land to farm on and it was totally
surrounded by more marshes. The Aztec families somehow converted these
disadvantages to a mighty empire known as the Aztec Empire. People say the
empire was partially formed by a deeply believed legend. As the legend went, it
said that Aztec people would create an empire in a swampy place where they would
see an eagle eating a snake, while perched on a cactus, which was growing out ...

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with mud and planted seeds to create roots and
develop more solid land for building homes in this marshy land. Canals were also
cut out through the marsh so that a typical Aztec home had its back to a canal
with a canoe tied at the door. In the early 1400s, Tenochtitlan joined with
Texcoco and Tlacopan, two other major cities in the Valley of Mexico.
Tenochtitlan became the most powerful member of the alliance. Montezuma I ruled
from 1440 to 1469 and conquered large areas to the east and to the south.
Montezuma's successors expanded the empire until it extended between what is now
Guatemala and the Mexican State of San Luis Potosi. Montezuma II became emperor
in 1502 when the Aztec Empire was at the height of its power. In 1519, the
Spanish explorer Hernando Cortes landed on the East Coast of Mexico and marched
inland to Tenochtitlan. The Spaniards were joined by many of the Indians who
were conquered and forced to pay high taxes to the emperor. Montezuma did not
oppose Cortes ...

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Some of the pictures symbolized ideas and others represented
the sounds of the syllables. Food: The principal food of the Aztec was a thin
cornmeal pancake called a tlaxcalli. (In Spanish, it is called a tortilla.) They
used the tlaxcallis to scoop up foods while they ate or they wrapped the foods
in the tlaxcalli to form what is now known as a taco. They hunted for most of
the meat in their diet and the chief game animals were deer, rabbits, ducks and
geese. The only animals they raised for meat were turkeys, rabbits, and dogs.
Arts and Crafts: The Aztec sculptures, which adorned their temples and other
buildings, were among the most elaborate in all of the Americas. Their purpose
was to ...

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Added: 2/18/2004 11:04:47 AM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1270
Pages: 5

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