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The Corruption Crisis Of The E - Online Term Paper

The Corruption Crisis Of The E


Abstract: The Corruption Scandal of the European Commission and its possible effects on the institutional balance and the question of legitimacy
The first chapter is an attempt to define corruption. It is important to divide overlapping and complicated terms such as corruption, scandal and fraud. Corruption is defined as an illegal transaction, where both actors benefit from their special position in the market or the government. Scandal is the public reaction to allegations of corruption and thus it is interconnected with the issue of legitimacy. Fraud, however is a purely criminal cathegory.
The European Commission is a multicultural and multinational institution of the European Union so ...

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tolerated by the public in a given society and not looked upon as misbehaviour. Grey corruption is the area in between, which is tolerated by a part of the society, while seen as corruption by the other part. It is also important to realize the dynamics of the definition of corruption, as it changes with geography or time from black to grey to white corruption (or vica versa). Corruption scandals are often only a sign of this change in the public perception of corruption.
These cultural differences can be observed in the member states of the European Union. There is a dividing line on the imaginary corruption scale between the Northern protestant countries (Denmark being the least corrupt) and the Southern catholic countries (with Italy at the lowest end of the corruption scale).

The corruption in the Mediterranian countries can be identified along the lines of amoral familiarism, and the constant use of mediators. The cause of this southern type of corruption is the relative ...

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Council instead of unanimity. The French President paralysed the working of the Community by practicing the "empty chair" politics, boykotting the Council of Ministers. The crisis was solved by he Luxembourg compromise, which kept the veto of the member states.

The first sign of corruption in the Commission was the 1979 report of the Court of Auditors, which accused the commissioners of using the community funds for private purposes and scrunitized the Commission of the reckless spending of he resources.

The European Commission can be divided to a political and an administrative arm. The political arm is the College of Commissioners. The College of Commissioners is responsible to ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 8/13/2005 08:48:24 PM
Category: Political Science
Type: Free Paper
Words: 2068
Pages: 8

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