The Differences And Similarities Of Pneumonia And Tuberculosis

Pneumonia and tuberculosis have been plaguing the citizens of the world
for centuries causing millions of deaths. This occurred until the creation and
use of antibiotics become more widely available. These two respiratory
infections have many differences, which include their etiology, incidence and
prevalence, and many similarities in their objective and subject indicators,
medical interventions, course, rehabilitation and effects.

To explore the relationship between pneumonia and tuberculosis we will
examine a case study. Joan is a 35 year old women who was feeling fine up till
a few weeks ago when she develop a sore throat. Since her sore throat she had
been experiencing chest ...

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types: lobar pneumonia
or bronchial pneumonia. Lobar pneumonia affects one lobe of a lung while
bronchial pneumonia affects the areas closest to the bronchi (O'Toole, 1992).
In the United States over three million people are infected with pneumonia each
year; five percent of which die.


There are over 30 causes for pneumonia however there are 4 main causes
which are bacterial, viral, mycoplasma and fungal (American Lung Association,
1996). Bacterial pneumonia attacks everyone from young to old, however
"alcoholics, the debilitated, post-operative patients, people with respiratory
disease or viral infections and people who have weakened immune systems are at
greater risk" (American Lung Association, 1996). The Pneumococcusis bacteria,
which is classified as Streptococcus pneumoniae, causes bacterial pneumonia and
can be prevented by a vaccine. In 20 - 30% of the cases the infection spreads
to the blood stream (MedicineNet, 1997) which can lead to secondary ...

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pneumocystic carinii pneumonia (PCP) and is often "the
first sign of illness in many persons with AIDS and can be successfully
treated in many cases" (American Lung Association, 1996).

In Joan's case bacterial pneumonia was suspected because her immune
system was weakened by her sore throat and her signs and symptoms correlated
with pneumonia.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis was discovered 100 years ago but still kills three million
people annually (Schlossberg, 1994, p.1). Cases range from race and ethnicity.
In 1990 the non-Hispanic Blacks had 9, 634 cases while the American Indians and
Alaskan Natives had 371 cases (Galantino and Bishop, 1994). It is caused by
bacteria ...

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The Differences And Similarities Of Pneumonia And Tuberculosis. (2004, June 23). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from
"The Differences And Similarities Of Pneumonia And Tuberculosis.", 23 Jun. 2004. Web. 18 Mar. 2018. <>
"The Differences And Similarities Of Pneumonia And Tuberculosis." June 23, 2004. Accessed March 18, 2018.
"The Differences And Similarities Of Pneumonia And Tuberculosis." June 23, 2004. Accessed March 18, 2018.
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Added: 6/23/2004 05:56:48 AM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2432
Pages: 9

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