The Federal Bureau Of Investigation (FBI)


The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The agency now known as the Federal Bureau of Investigation
originated from a force of Special Agents created in 1908 when Attorney
General Charles Bonaparte appointed an unnamed force to be the
investigative force of the Department of Justice (DOJ) under the Presidency
of Theodore Roosevelt. Before that time the Department of Justice often
had to borrow Agents from the U.S. Secret Service to investigate violations
of federal criminal laws within its jurisdiction. On July 26, 1908,
Bonaparte ordered the Special Agents to report to Chief Examiner Stanley W.
Finch. This is celebrated as the beginning of the FBI. Both Attorney
General Bonaparte ...

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of laws
involving national banking, bankruptcy frauds, antitrust crime,
naturalization, and neutrality violation. With the April 1917 entry of the
United States into World War I (1914-1918), the Bureau was given the
responsibility of investigating espionage, sabotage acts, sedition
(resistance against lawful authority), and draft violations. When the
National Motor Vehicle Theft Act was passed in October 1919, by which the
federal government could investigate criminals who evaded state laws but
had no other federal violations, the Bureau's jurisdiction was further
broadened.
The years from 1921 to 1933 were sometimes called the "lawless
years". After the passage of Prohibition, which made it illegal to sell or
import intoxicating beverages, in 1920, the gangster era began. Criminals
engaged in kidnapping and bank robbery, which were not federal crimes at
that time. This changed in 1932 with the passage of a federal kidnapping
statue. In 1934, many other federal criminal ...

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laws with
which to fight civil rights violations, racketeering, and gambling. By the
late 1960's, the confluence of unambiguous federal authority and local
support for civil rights prosecutions allowed the FBI to play an
influential role in enabling African Americans to vote, serve on juries,
and use public accommodations on an equal basis.
In the 1970's counter terrorism, drugs, financial crime, and organized
crimes became new concerns. The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt
Organizations (RICO) Statue of 1970 allowed organized groups to be
prosecuted for all of their diverse criminal activities, without the crimes
being linked by a perpetrator or all-encompassing conspiracy. ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/28/2004 06:51:55 AM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1684
Pages: 7

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