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The Industrial Revolution - Online Term Paper

The Industrial Revolution


was a time of drastic change. This was the transformation from hand tools and hand made items, to machine manufactured and mass-produced goods. " Industrial Revolution, the shift, at different times in different countries, from a traditional agriculturally based economy to one based on the mechanized production of manufactured goods in large-scale enterprises." This period improved life, but hindered it as well. created regression among the working class prior to the implementation of the Reform Act of 1832. Following the Reform Act of 1832, the working class of found itself in a progressive state. Many factors influenced the regressive and progressive state during . Introduction of ...

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a new mode of production - the factory system. During these years, other branches of industry effected comparable advances, and all these together, mutually reinforcing one another, made possible further gains on an ever-widening front.
Economies prior to were based on cottage industries. Workers would buy raw materials from merchants, take it back to their cottages, (this led to the name) and produce the goods at their homes. Examples of the cottage industry were many textile products, and carpentry items. The cottage industry was usually owned and managed by one or more people, who were generally close to the workers. There was a good worker/ boss relationship, which was destroyed by capitalism. The industry was efficient but the workers' productivity was low, making costs higher. The longer it took one person to manufacture a product, the higher the cost. Subsequently, goods were high in price and exclusive only to wealthy people.
In 1733, a man, John Kay, who invented and ...

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Craftsmen were replaced by factory production. There was a very strict division of labour during . The result of this was that small masters, who had originally owned cottage industries, could not compete with the big factories and so sank to the position of a worker. Fredrick Engels, who examined the working classes of the nineteenth century and wrote a paper entitled, The Conditions of the Working Class in England in 1844, stated within his paper that, "Today he who is born a worker must remain a worker for the rest of his life."
Conditions, under which women and children found themselves working during prior to the implementation of the Reform Act of 1832, were atrocious. ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 2/24/2008 05:49:13 AM
Category: American History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2197
Pages: 8

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