The Life Of Mohandas Gandhi


Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948) was a genious, spiritual leader and
humanitarian who introduced a concept of nonviolent civil disobedience to
the political world. He was to become the leader of one of the century's
major advances in his struggle for Indian rights and independence
(Ahmedabad 97).
Gandhi was born into a powerful family which belonged to the Hindu
merchant caste Vaisya (Gandhi The End of an Empire). For several
generations members of his family had served as Prime Ministers of Indian
states. Gandhi's parents were devoutly religious, part of a sect of
Hinduism that worshipped Vishnu (one of the Gods of Hinduism) and promoted
non-violence (Brown 382).
In 1888, at ...

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philosophy he came across “Civil Disobedience” by Henry
David Thoreau and John Ruskin's plea to give up capitalism for farm life
and traditional handicrafts (Sharpe 1979 43). These opinions stimulated
Gandhi's ideas for non-violent resistance.
The main principle behind all of Gandhi's teachings is the concept
of Satyagraha (Sharp 1973 76), or non-violence, the lens through which he
viewed the world. Satya (truth) refers to love, and agraha (firmness)
refers to force. This concept of non-violence was designed to secure
social reform and human liberation without the use of violence (Shridharani
59). Satyagraha is an active theory that causes the oppressor to act
violently, thus causing them to cogitate on their actions and reflect on
their own ethical erosion (Ibid). Gandhi denounced violence when he said:
“Things undreamt of are daily being seen, the impossible is ever
becoming possible. We are constantly being astonished these days at the
amazing discoveries ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/15/2005 07:55:03 AM
Category: Biographies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1244
Pages: 5

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