The National Institute Of Standards And Technology



National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), agency of the United States Department of Commerce. The NIST was formerly known as the National Bureau of Standards (NBS); the name change occurred in January 1989.
The NBS was established by Congress in 1901 as the central measurement laboratory of the federal government. The institute is the focal point in the United States for assuring maximum application of the physical and engineering sciences to the development of technology in industry and commerce. It comprises the National Measurement Laboratory, the National Engineering Laboratory, the Institute for Materials Science and Engineering, and the Institute for Computer Sciences ...

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to accurate and uniform measurements throughout the scientific community, industry, and commerce. In 1972, for example, agency scientists developed a helium-neon gas-laser technique that for the first time gave the precise measurement of the speed of light as 299,792.45 km/sec (186,282.396 mi/sec).
The NIST also cooperates with public and private organizations to develop technological standards and test methodologies by conducting research on the properties of materials that are needed by industry, commerce, educational institutions, and government. This research leads to improved methods of standardizing measurements and collecting data. One of the agency's activities is to relate the physical and chemical properties of materials to their behavior and their interaction with their environments; major contributions have been made in fire and motor-vehicle safety. In the 1970s the agency became involved in conserving energy in the home, office, and industry; measuring environmental ...

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"The National Institute Of Standards And Technology." Essayworld.com. December 23, 2004. Accessed November 27, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/The-National-Institute-Of-Standards-Technology/19425.
"The National Institute Of Standards And Technology." Essayworld.com. December 23, 2004. Accessed November 27, 2021. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/The-National-Institute-Of-Standards-Technology/19425.
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Added: 12/23/2004 03:44:52 PM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 898
Pages: 4

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