The Opening Of The Crusades: Pope Urban II



The series of crusades initiated in the eleventh century brought the West
into greater contact with Byzantium and Islam. These crusades demonstrated
the expansiveness of the West during the High Middle Ages as well as the
increasing power and activism of the papacy. The first of these crusades
was called for in 1095 by Pope Urban 11 {n response to a request for help
from the Byzantine
Emperor Alexius Comnenus. At the Council of Clermont, Urban made the
following plea, recorded by Robert the Monk. Consider: How Urban justified
his call for a crusade; what Urban might have hoped to gain{n from this
crusade; to whom this plea was addressed.

In the year of our Lord's Incarnation one thousand ...

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and persuasive eloquence,
addressed those present in words something like the following saying: "Oh,
race of Franks, race from across the mountains, race beloved and chosen by
God, as is clear from many of your works, set apart from all other nations
by the situation of your country as well as by your Catholic faith and the
honor which you render to the holy Church: to you our discourse is
addressed, and for you our exhortations are intended. We wish you to know
what a grievous cause has led us to your country, for it is the imminent
peril threatening you and all the faithful which has brought us hither.

"From the conflnes of Jerusalem and from the city of Constantinople a
grievous report has gone forth and has repeatedly been brought to our
ears; namely, that a race from the kingdom of the Persians, an accursed
race, a race wholly alienated from Cod, 'a generation that set not their
heart aright, and whose spirit was not steadfast with God', has violently
invaded the lands of ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 9/8/2005 08:56:04 AM
Category: Religion
Words: 1022
Pages: 4

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