The Study Of Deviance


When studying deviance, sociologists view the subject in different ways, and posses different theories about the way deviant behavior is caused, treated and studied. Goode defines theories as "models of the world that are supported by a preponderance of evidence" (p.66). In order for a theory to be considered scientific it must be: (1) empirically verifiable, (2) provide an explanation, and (3) apply to a general class of phenomena (p.65). Some theories or perspectives that fall under are the learning theory, interactionism, control theory, conflict theory, and two smaller categories are Marxism and feminism. Each perspective views deviance according to their beliefs of how society ...

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acts, the more likely he/she is to commit the acts themselves. Sutherland concluded that "a person becomes delinquent or criminal because definitions favorable to the violation of the law exceed definitions unfavorable to the violation of the law" (p.88). The learning theory has been modified over the years, including Miller's idea of "cultural transmission" and the "lower-class way of life". He concluded that lower-class adolescents "get into trouble because they are faithful to the cultural standards learned from their parents" (Empey,1982, p.199). I agree with Goode's view on this theory which is that growing up with deviance can influence your own actions, but overall deviant acts are committed because of the way individual minds process and evaluate situations.
Control theory studies why people do not commit deviant acts. The theory "assumes that engaging in deviance is not problematic, that if left to our own devices, all of us would deviate from the rules" (p.90). ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 7/13/2004 09:06:30 AM
Category: Miscellaneous
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1160
Pages: 5

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