Trilingual Development

“Language Differentiation in Early Trilingual Development” is a book based on research evidence from a case study. In this study, Dr. Simona Montanari explores the advantages and disadvantages of early multilingualism. In the introduction, Dr. Montanari speaks of the number of children around the world who grow up in multilingual environments. She mentions speculations regarding the number of children who are multilingual. In the book she states, “It has been speculated that the number of children exposed to more than one language from birth is similar, if not larger, than the number of those who speak only one language.” Yet, there isn’t enough knowledge about the benefits of multilingual ...

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the book. In other words, this implies that there are indeed language delays in young bilinguals.

In the research produced, Dr. Montanari did an extensive (four year) study on trilingual first language acquisition on a young girl named Kathryn who lived in Los Angeles and was born to a Filipino-American mother and Chilean-American father. Kathryn was exposed since birth to three different languages, she addressed in Tagalop by her mother, in Spanish by her father and in English by her older sister. However, English was the main medium of communication in and outside the home. Although the three languages were used at home to some extent, Kathryn’s sister was considered as passive trilingual child because she understood Tagalog and Spanish but she talked to her parents in English and was addressed by them in English too.

Kathryn was exposed to all three languages since birth at different rates. From birth to age 2; 2 Kathryn’s exposure to Tagalog was of 48%, to Spanish 29% ...

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to ensure the exposure to the three different languages and the child’s communication in all three of them. The recordings were made by the Spanish-speaking grandmother, her mother and the author while the child was being addressed. All the recordings were made at the child’s home and during the recording; the child was engaged in different activities such as reading, drawing, eating meals and during free play. Speakers of the three languages participated in the recordings. Each of them used a different language while addressing the child and each of them took turns using their own language.

The dairy keeping and the recordings were used to analyze the different areas of language ...

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Trilingual Development. (2011, March 27). Retrieved March 26, 2019, from
"Trilingual Development.", 27 Mar. 2011. Web. 26 Mar. 2019. <>
"Trilingual Development." March 27, 2011. Accessed March 26, 2019.
"Trilingual Development." March 27, 2011. Accessed March 26, 2019.
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Added: 3/27/2011 02:48:58 PM
Submitted By: crysbas86
Category: Education
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1435
Pages: 6

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