Basketball And Its History


Introduction
Basketball is an athletic sport, usually played on an indoor court
in which two competing teams of five players each attempt to score by
throwing an inflated ball so that it descends through one of two baskets
suspended, at each end of the court, above their heads. The team scoring
the most such throws, through field goals or foul shots, wins the game.
Because of its continuous action and frequent scoring, basketball is one of
the most popular spectator as well as participant sports in the world.
The measurements of American and international basketball courts
differ slightly. The basketball court is a rectangular area ranging in size
from about 29 m by 15 m (about 94 ...

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basket is about 46 cm (about 18 in) in
diameter and consists of a horizontal hoop, or metal ring, from which a
fringe of wide-meshed white netting is hung. The regulation basketball is
an inflated, leather- or nylon-covered sphere that weighs from 567 to 624 g
(20 to 22 oz) and has a circumference of about 76 cm (about 30 in).

History

Basketball was invented in December 1891 by the Canadian clergyman,
educator, and physician James Naismith. Naismith introduced the game when
we was an instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association Training
School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. At the
request of his superior, Dr. Luther H. Gulick, he organized a vigorous
recreation suitable for indoor winter play. The game involved elements of
American football, soccer, and hockey, and the first ball used was a soccer
ball. Teams had nine players, and the goals were wooden peach baskets
affixed to the walls. By 1897-1898, teams of five became standard. The ...

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(formed in 1937) and the Basketball Association of
America (1946) merged to create the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Boston Celtics, led by their center Bill Russell, dominated the NBA
from the late 1950s through the 1960s. By the 1960s, pro teams from coast
to coast played before crowds of many millions annually. Wilt Chamberlain,
a center for the Los Angeles Lakers, was another leading player during the
era, and his battles with Russell were eagerly anticipated. Kareem Abdul-
Jabbar, also a center, came to prominence during the 1970s. Jabbar
perfected his famed “sky hook” shot while playing for the Los Angeles
Lakers and dominated the opposition.
The NBA suffered a ...

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Basketball And Its History. (2007, June 13). Retrieved August 17, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Basketball-And-Its-History/66399
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 6/13/2007 02:05:42 PM
Category: Miscellaneous
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2508
Pages: 10

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