Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress

Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress

The cognitive activation theory of stress (CATS) (1) offers a psychobiological explanation for the assumed relationships between health and external and internal events referred to as "stress". It is a cognitive theory since physiological and psychological consequences all depend on cognitive evaluations of the situation and what a person can do about it. It is an activation theory since the psychobiological consequences of cognitive activity are explained by increases in arousal (activa - tion). It is a psychobiological theory that includes and integrates data from both animals and humans -- from fish to Olympic competition (2). It is a theory in ...

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on formal definitions, indi - vidual expectancies, and the link to psychophysiological activation processes add anything, and is this informa - tion a useful background for intervention?

The demand - control model of Karasek & Theorell

In the analyses of potential psychosocial factors as mod - ifiers or direct causes of ill health, there are essentially two overlapping traditions. One tradition emphasizes formal or "objective" work conditions, and the other focuses more on the stress management potential of each employee. CATS is probably the most extreme in its emphasis on individual factors, the best known and most influential "objective" model being the demand - control model of Karasek & Theorell (7). There is a strong consensus that it is the combination of psychological demands, task control, and skill use at work that predicts stress-related ill health and behavioral correlates of work. Jobs with high demands, low control, and low so - cial support carry the highest risk ...

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"Cognitive Activation Theory of Stress." Essayworld.com. July 10, 2012. Accessed June 21, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Cognitive-Activation-Theory-of-Stress/101246.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 7/10/2012 11:07:38 PM
Submitted By: princejs
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1152
Pages: 5

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