Colonialism In Africa

Colonial Conquest in Africa

The 19th century in Europe was a time of industrialization. Factories in Europe required raw materials to be manufactured into marketable products. As a result, Europeans sought both a source of raw materials, as well as, a market for manufactured goods in Africa. This economic motivation played a large role in the colonization of Africa. In Module Nine: African Economies, you will learn more about the economic reasons for colonialism and the economic practices introduced by colonial governments.

Politics in Europe also led to the colonization of Africa. Module Ten: African Politics will show how nationalism in Europe resulted in the formation of the ...

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twenty-five years, was the competition between European nations. No major nation wanted to be without colonies. The competition was particularly strong between Britain, France, and Germany, the strongest European nation-states in the late 19th century.

In addition, ideologies of racial hierarchy were prevalent in Europe in the 19th century. Many Europeans viewed themselves as the most advanced civilization in the world, and some saw it as their mission to "enlighten" and "civilize" people in the rest of the world. This feeling of racial superiority and "responsibility" was captured in a poem written in 1899, The White Man's Burden by the British poet Rudyard Kipling (click on the title to read it). Many inaccurate and racialized stereotypes of African peoples, which existed at the time, were used to justify colonialism in Africa.

The colonization of Africa coincided with the expansion of Christian missionary activity in Africa. You will remember from the last module that parts ...

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of them would be. Secondly, military force was used in some cases when there was a large amount of resistance to colonial rule.

The Treaty of Berlin and the "Scramble for Africa"

All of this treaty making and territory claiming by European nations caused a competitive rush for territory in Africa. This period is sometimes referred to as the "Scramble for Africa." As a result, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of Germany initiated a conference in 1884 for European nations to regulate the rush for territory. The conference served several main purposes. First, European nations were interested in being assured access to various important trade routes, particularly along the Niger and ...

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Colonialism In Africa. (2011, April 26). Retrieved March 17, 2018, from
"Colonialism In Africa.", 26 Apr. 2011. Web. 17 Mar. 2018. <>
"Colonialism In Africa." April 26, 2011. Accessed March 17, 2018.
"Colonialism In Africa." April 26, 2011. Accessed March 17, 2018.
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Added: 4/26/2011 03:05:33 PM
Submitted By: despinaj
Category: African Studies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2357
Pages: 9

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