The Effects Of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, And Family Alcoholism On Alcohol Consumption


The Effects of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, and
Family Alcoholism on Alcohol Consumption
Abstract

One large component of American popular culture today is alcohol. A
common stereotype for the effects of alcohol is that as a drug it acts as a
stress antagonist. This theory was introduced by Conger (1956) as the Tension
Reduction Hypothesis (TRW). It states that alcohol's sedative action on the
central nervous system serves to reduce tension, and because tension reduction
is reinforcing, people drink to escape it (Marlatt & Rehsenow, 1980). Why do we
drink, when do we drink, and how much do we drink? This research will determine
the correlation between ...

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the answers to
these questions, and determine the strength of the correlations, if any.

Introduction

The main question that this statistical model will answer is as follows:
Is there any correlation between drinking and gender, alcohol expectancies,
family alcoholism, stress, and coping styles?

Gender
It has been demonstrated that significant differences exist between the
drinking patterns of men and women (Hilton, 1988). In a survey of US drinking
habits conducted in 1988 by the US National Center for Health Statistics, Dawson
and Archer (1992) showed that there are three areas illustrating gender
differences. The first is the actual number of male and female drinkers. The
study showed that 64% of men versus 41% of women were current drinkers. Second,
men were more likely to consume alcohol on a daily basis (17.5 grams of ethanol
per day versus 8.9 grams for women). Third, men were more likely to be
classified as heavy drinkers. In fact, when the classification measure ...

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subscribe to the view that alcohol acts as "liquid courage".

Data
The dependent variable for this research will be Weekly Alcohol
Consumption (WEEK), measured by the total number of drinks consumed in 1 week.
A standard drink is defined as a 12-ounce bottle/can of beer, 1.5 ounce shot of
liquor, or a 5 ounce glass of wine. The predictor variables would include the
dummy variable GENDER, where D1=1 for a male, STRESS, alcoholic expectancies
(EXPECT), family alcoholism (FAMILY), and difference coping styles (COPE).
The complete list of possible measurable variables are: Perceived
Stress, Family History of Alcoholism, Problem-Focused Coping, Emotion-Focused
Coping, Less Useful ...

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The Effects Of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, And Family Alcoholism On Alcohol Consumption. (2006, May 5). Retrieved July 16, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Effects-Stress-Alcohol-Outcome-Expectancies-Gender/45432
"The Effects Of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, And Family Alcoholism On Alcohol Consumption." Essayworld.com. Essayworld.com, 5 May. 2006. Web. 16 Jul. 2018. <http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Effects-Stress-Alcohol-Outcome-Expectancies-Gender/45432>
"The Effects Of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, And Family Alcoholism On Alcohol Consumption." Essayworld.com. May 5, 2006. Accessed July 16, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Effects-Stress-Alcohol-Outcome-Expectancies-Gender/45432.
"The Effects Of Stress, Alcohol Outcome Expectancies, Gender, Coping Styles, And Family Alcoholism On Alcohol Consumption." Essayworld.com. May 5, 2006. Accessed July 16, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Effects-Stress-Alcohol-Outcome-Expectancies-Gender/45432.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 5/5/2006 03:05:06 AM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1424
Pages: 6

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