Egypt 3


Egyptian Art: Old, Middle and New Kingdoms
Art historians, Egyptologists, and archeologists have made fascinating discoveries about the artifacts, pharaohs, and culture of Egypt since the discovery in 1799 of the Rosetta Stone. It led to the decoding of Egyptian hieroglyphics. Pharaonic names, dates, places, and events could then be reliably organized for linear presentation of ancient Egypt’s long 4,000 year history. Egyptian innovations in burial architecture, mummification, picture language, and huge monument building had both amazed and puzzled scholars for nearly 1,500 years. Pyramid building, obelisk lifting and colossal statue carving reveal a sophistication and simplicity which are ...

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Kings and its exquisite treasures will be offered.
The Old Kingdom, from about 4000 to 2280 B.C., was the age of the great pyramids such as Cheops (wonder of the ancient world), Chefren, and Mycerinus. Also on the Giza plateau is the largest freestanding statue in Egypt, the Sphinx. The Sphinx was a sculpture of a lion’s body with the face of Chefren. The statue is sixty-five feet high and about 240 feet in length, making it the largest freestanding statue in Egypt. The Nile River was key in the development of these Ancient Egyptian cities the Nile would flood in the summer which fertilized the crops and making the desert lush and fertile. Its most important role was it supplied clay for bricks and pottery for transporting water. The Nile was even an asset to the prehistorics. The Egyptians developed their agricultural economy from prehistoric communities such as Hierakonpolis. Menes, the first recorded king of early Egypt, had an architect named Imhotep. Imhotep built and ...

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one and only god being Aten. Akhenaten also changed the style of art. He used a head and legs profile. The side view with the eyes looking to the side was changed to a more realistic and casual look. During Akhenaten’s reign the capitol was changed from Thebes to Amarna. The Egyptians did not like all the changes that were taking place. Throughout all three kingdoms there were a total of 330 monarch, starting with Menes and ending with Cleopatra. These monarchs were referred to as pharaohs which means "Great House." Pharaohs came from a dynasty, where successive Pharaohs came from one family (incest was common.) A Pharaoh was the political leader and a living Egyptian god. They were ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 10/20/2006 05:12:32 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2279
Pages: 9

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