OBE: The Restructuring Of American Society.



There has been a concern for some time throughout America regarding the
quality of public education. Students are graduating from highschool without
adequate knowledge of the three R's. Universities are recruiting a multitude of
incompetent pseudo-scholars. Employers don't understand why the new generation
of workers do not possess the basic skills to perform the job. It would appear
that American students are not learning as much as their parents did. And yet,
teachers are still teaching, taxes are still being paid, and more funds than
ever are being appropriated for public education. What's going on in America's
classrooms?
Up until the 1980's most schools used a standards based ...

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approach in the classroom. The
focus of education has moved to measuring what students can do, rather than what
they understand. This is the core principle of Outcomes Based Education (OBE).
An outcome, by definition, is something that follows as a result or consequence.
So OBE then, is an approach to education where the end result is the most
important factor. This is very important in understanding what OBE is, and what
it intends to do. In the OBE classroom, every aspect of the curriculum is geared
toward achieving a small group of specific goals. To gain an insight into OBE,
it is necessary to learn something about its origins and those promoting it.
B. F. Skinner, a psychologist and learning theorist, developed the
techniques of learning (operant conditioning) based on conditioning phenomena
first analyzed scientifically by Pavlov. Skinner called his technique his
"teaching machine." Skinner thus developed the principles on which "Mastery
Learning" was developed by Benjamin ...

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and school districts
helping them implement OBE.
According to Spady, we are faced with "a fragile and vulnerable global
environment that requires altering economic consumption patterns and quality of
life standards, and taking collective responsibility for promoting health and
wellness." The goal of education, Spady says, has to be to prepare students for
that future. Learning results are what is important, and his premise is that all
students can learn. It is not important how long it takes, as long as the
desired learning takes place. Since all will learn, grades are irrelevant in the
new system. All get an "A". Competition in schools in his estimation is a
negative influence ...

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"OBE: The Restructuring Of American Society.." Essayworld.com. July 7, 2005. Accessed June 19, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/OBE-The-Restructuring-Of-American-Society/29682.
"OBE: The Restructuring Of American Society.." Essayworld.com. July 7, 2005. Accessed June 19, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/OBE-The-Restructuring-Of-American-Society/29682.
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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 7/7/2005 08:33:31 AM
Category: Education
Type: Free Paper
Words: 2049
Pages: 8

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